Category Archives: Introduction

Australia and Irish settlement: after the Famine

A strong Irish network existed in Melbourne before 1850 and indeed the meeting place of the first Parliament of Victoria was St Patrick’s Hall.[1] Bounty immigration swelled Irish numbers before 1850, but major waves of migration commenced only after the … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Introduction | Tagged , ,

Australia and Irish settlement: Gold

Word that gold had been found in Australia in mid-1851 spread quickly as it had done in California three years earlier. The result was a massive movement of people from Britain, Europe, China and America but also within Australia and … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Introduction | Tagged , , ,

Australia and Irish settlement: women and the Famine years

One of the biggest problems facing the guardians was how to cope with ‘the permanent dead-weight’, a phrase applied to those young people who were likely to remain in the workhouse for a long time. Normally designated orphans, many still … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Introduction | Tagged , , , , ,

Early policing in Van Diemen’s Land

The penal colony of VDL was founded by the British in March 1803. Since this island of 65,000 square kilometres was strategically placed to the south of the Australian mainland, Governor King of NSW feared French attempts to colonise it. … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Introduction | Tagged , , ,

Introduction: From convict society to responsible government

From 1788 until 1823, NSW was a penal colony.[1]This meant that there were mainly convicts, marines and the wives of the marines although free settlers started to arrive in 1793. Law courts may have been established when the colony was … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Introduction

Introduction: A Penal colony

Six years after James Cook landed at Botany Bay in 1770 and gave the territory its English name of ‘New South Wales’, the American colonies declared their independence and the revolutionary war with Britain began. Access to America for transported … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Introduction | Tagged , , ,