Category Archives: Crime and Punishment

The Castle Hill Rising: Transportation

Most rebels were fiercely republican after having seen the successful creation of the United States and the changes caused by the French Revolution. Republican notions such as natural rights and a popularly elected upper house were a major threat to … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society, Settlement | Tagged , , , ,

Sir George Arthur as Lieutenant-Governor

The fragile order of VDL concerned the British government especially as it planned to increase transportation to the Australian colonies.[1] After Bigge found that transportation was an ineffective deterrent, the British government removed the popular Sorell[2] and in 1824 appointed … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society, Settlement | Tagged , , , ,

Policing in Australia: importance of the 1820s

In the early decades of NSW, a decentralised police system was in operation. Lay magistrates in rural areas controlled the police and had discretion to decide ‘what would and would not be policed.’[1] They used their power to protect their … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Crime and Punishment, Settlement | Tagged , , , , , ,

Education, Crime and Leisure

The third volume of the Nineteenth Century British Society series has now been published on Amazon: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Education-Leisure-Nineteenth-Century-ebook/dp/B005UDIZXQ/ref=pd_rhf_p_t_1   The book addresses the problems posed by education, crime and leisure to society and the ways in which the state sought to … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Books, Crime and Punishment, Health and Housing, Leisure and Recreation, Nineteenth century society, Urbanisation | Tagged , | 1 Comment

Police, public spaces and the surveillance state

The strength and cost of the policing developed continuously throughout the nineteenth century. The extension of the function of the police to encompass broad areas of human activity and the growing surveillance of the working-classes in particular led to the … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Being a policeman

By 1900, working as a police constable meant a steady job with low income but attractive benefits. Employment was independent of the business cycle and pay was not linked to individual performance. Such work was in demand and only one-in-five … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Extending the police force nationally 1835-1880

Suspicions that the new Metropolitan Police was a covert military force persisted across the political and social spectrum and the question of rising policing costs irritated parish authorities. Widespread complaints of inferior services delivered for higher charges were eventually met … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Forming the Metropolitan Police

Between 1812 and 1822 six House of Commons’ Select Committees affirmed broad, if qualified, satisfaction with the civic jigsaw of parish-based watch systems. However, resistance to the notion of a police force lessened in the 1810s and early 1820s largely … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society, Sir Robert Peel | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Models of policing

The English were suspicious of any notion of a powerful police that they equated with the Catholic absolutism of France. [1] Louis XIV had established a Royal Police in 1667 under with explicit aim of strengthening royal authority in all … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

The problem in policing London to 1829

The traditional view of the system of policing before 1829 was that it was inefficient and corrupt and that the ‘real’ history of policing for London and England begins in 1829. This was certainly the view of contemporary critics such … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Development of policing to 1800

The medieval system of policing was based on community action where individuals were expected to aid neighbours and protect their villages from crime.[1] This pledge system was based around tithings, groups of ten families entrusted with policing minor problems such … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Young offenders

Juvenile crime was a concern before the beginning of the nineteenth century but a number of historians have argued that the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth century was pivotal in the changes that occurred in the treatment of juvenile criminals. Some historians … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Prison reform 1880-1914

By the late 1880s, belief in punishment and deterrence as the main objects of imprisonment and confidence in the separate system as a desirable and effective means of dealing with prisoners came increasingly under question especially from a rabid campaign … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Prison reform 1850-1877

Toward the mid-nineteenth century, some authors became interested in the actual conditions of prisons.[1] Although such eighteenth-century authors as Daniel Defoe and John Gay had featured the image of the infamous Newgate Prison in their writings, Charles Dickens’s explorations of … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Prison reform 1835-1850

In 1835, a series of reports was made by a House of Lords’ Committee on the State of Gaols containing appendices setting out much detailed information including gaols controlled by municipal corporations. These reports informed the drafting of the Prisons … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Crime and Punishment, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment