Category Archives: Government and reform

Richard Oastler and factory reform

John A. Hargreaves and E. A. Hilary Haigh, (eds.) Slavery in Yorkshire: Richard Oastler and the campaign against child labour in the Industrial Revolution (University of Huddersfield), 2012 238pp., rrp £24 paper , ISBN 978-1-86218-107-6. The book is also available … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Books, Chartism, Class, Government and reform, Nineteenth century society, Working, Working Class | Tagged , , ,

Sex, Work and Politics: Women in Britain, 1830-1918

JUST PUBLISHED   In 1830, women of all classes were repressed in a male-dominated society. By 1918, largely through their own struggles, they had seized control over most areas of their lives. Some of these sought access to the public … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Books, Class, Education, Government and reform, Middle Class, Nineteenth century politics, Nineteenth century society, Nineteenth century women, Upper Class, Working, Working Class | Tagged , , ,

Leisure and the state

Leisure activities were made available in four main ways and as a result provided employment in leisure.  First, the state, whether at local or national level, both created a legal framework and acted as a direct supplier. In the first … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Government and reform, Leisure and Recreation, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , ,

Did the political establishment change after 1830?

The system of deference was apparent in the social backgrounds of the political rulers of the period. Reform in 1832 opened up the system a little, but elitist patterns of representation remained largely unaltered. Of the 13 Cabinets formed between … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Class, Government and reform, Nineteenth century society, Upper Class | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Elitist or electoral politics?

It was in politics that the new patterns of class alignment were to be found at their clearest. Between 1800 and 1850, the national political rulers were drawn exclusively from the landed classes and the City faction of the commercial … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Class, Government and reform, Nineteenth century society, Upper Class | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Why did the professions expand after 1800?

The development of a substantial and powerful professional group within the middle-classes gathered considerable pace in the later Victorian period.[1] The growth and maturation of the world’s first modern capitalist economy played an important role in this process and the … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Class, Education, Government and reform, Middle Class, Nineteenth century society, Working | Tagged , , | Leave a comment