Category Archives: Health and Housing

Treating the disabled

Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the policy of segregating severely disabled people into institutions slowly increased and was subsequently extended to other disadvantaged groups.[1] The term ‘institution’ can refer to a variety of social organisations but refers here to … Continue reading

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Posted in Books, Health and Housing, Nineteenth century society

Education, Crime and Leisure

The third volume of the Nineteenth Century British Society series has now been published on Amazon: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Education-Leisure-Nineteenth-Century-ebook/dp/B005UDIZXQ/ref=pd_rhf_p_t_1   The book addresses the problems posed by education, crime and leisure to society and the ways in which the state sought to … Continue reading

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Posted in Books, Crime and Punishment, Health and Housing, Leisure and Recreation, Nineteenth century society, Urbanisation | Tagged , | 1 Comment

15 Interesting Facts About the History of Vaccinations and Immunizations

The following blog has just been brought to my attention: http://www.mastersinpublichealth.net/15-interesting-facts-about-the-history-of-vaccinations-and-immunizations/  It provides an excellent summary on how doctors have used vaccines and immunisation to battle diseases such as smallpox, measles, polio and rabies.  It is well worth a look.

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Free market in housing

It was the concentration of people in the burgeoning towns and cities of manufacturing Britain in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that led to a growing housing crisis.[1] The inflow of population to towns before 1830 was accommodated both by … Continue reading

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Public health reform 1854-1914: revised version

The cause of public health was at a low point after the enforced retirement of Edwin Chadwick in 1854, but even so some progress was being made. The Vaccination Act 1853 required parents and guardians to arrange for the vaccination … Continue reading

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Public health reform 1832-1854: revised version

During the 1840s, there were two contradictory trends in matters of social policy. On the one hand there was a tendency to extend public control and, on the other, a tendency to call a halt to further change. The public … Continue reading

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Reforming public health

Poor housing, overcrowding and high levels of disease, often held to have been exacerbated by the massive influx of Irish migrants, were certainly perceived as problems by those with power and authority in the Victorian city and by politicians at … Continue reading

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Disease in the Victorian city: extended version

Bad housing, poor sanitation and overcrowding, that in turn bred epidemic disease, were closely associated with inner-city areas. Ursula Henriques wrote: In the first half of the nineteenth century no aspect of life suffered such cumulative deterioration as did public … Continue reading

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Organising towns

History, as A.J.P. Taylor reminded us, gets ‘thicker’ as it approaches modern times There are more people, more events, and more is written about them. [1] Social history gets particularly ‘thick’ because more attention is paid to the lives of … Continue reading

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Living in the countryside

  There is a tendency for studies of nineteenth century Britain to concentrate on urban life and neglect the rural dimension. This reflects a period of unparalleled industrialisation, urbanisation and unprecedented urban problems. Yet in 1851 nearly half of the … Continue reading

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‘Municipal Socialism’

  The role of local authorities in improving amenities was a matter of importance and some controversy before 1914. A Medical Officer of Health was first appointed in Liverpool in 1847 but other cities did not do so until the … Continue reading

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The housing problem: overcrowding in London

  By the 1870s it was clear that poor housing was one of the most serious elements in the public health problem and attention tended to concentrate on the larger cities, especially London[1]. The need for action had been recognised … Continue reading

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Housing and the state

  It was the concentration of people in the burgeoning towns and cities of manufacturing Britain in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that led to a growing housing crisis[1]. The inflow of population to towns before 1830 was accommodated both … Continue reading

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The Irish in Victorian cities

  The segregated nature of the Victorian city was simply caused by social class. Cultural origins played an important role. Most obvious were the Irish[1], but European immigrants especially Jews, also formed cohesive and distinctive communities in many towns. There … Continue reading

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Public Health 1854-1914

  The cause of public health was at a low ebb after the enforced retirement of Edwin Chadwick in 1854, but even so some progress was being made. The Vaccination Act 1853 required parents and guardians to arrange for the … Continue reading

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