Category Archives: Religion

Vicars and Tarts!! Well almost

Tom Hughes Clerical Errors: A Victorian Series, Volume 1, (Kindle edition), £3.86 The behaviour of public figures has always been subject to scrutiny from an often prurient public. This has been particularly the case with clergymen especially those who pronounce … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Books, Class, Leisure and Recreation, Middle Class, Nineteenth century society, Nineteenth century women, Religion, Women and Legal Rights, Working Class | Tagged , , , ,

Was there a Victorian ‘crisis of faith’?

The intellectual ferment of the second half of the nineteenth century differed from that of earlier periods in important aspects of tone and substance and in the extent to which it implicated the ordinary church-going population as well as the … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Class, Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

Was there a civic religious culture after 1830?

Some aspects of Victorian religious culture cut across denominational lines and tended to escape denominational control altogether. Virtually all clergymen, Catholic as well as Protestant, regarded the threat of eternal punishment as essential to Christian faith and morals in 1850. … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Was faith a matter of class?

The Victorian crisis of faith has dominated discussions of religion and the Victorians. One problem with the ‘crisis of faith’ narrative is that it has had the effect of excluding much of the religious life of the period and has, … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Class, Middle Class, Nineteenth century society, Religion, Upper Class, Working Class | Tagged , | Leave a comment

A Catholic revival?

Neither the Anglican Church nor its Protestant rivals changed as profoundly as Roman Catholicism. Its devotional life was transformed by the ultramontanism of the continent. From Ireland came the immigrants who increased the Catholic population from 750,000 in 1851 to … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Why was Nonconformity successful after 1850?

The Victorian period was one of the high points in Nonconformist history. The different groups matched their Anglican rivals in numbers and in the mid-1880s their combined membership, excluding adherents, was about 1.4 million, much the same as the number … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Just published: Famine, Fenians and Freedom, 1840-1882

In these days when students often have a bad press, Famine, Fenians and Freedom, is dedicated to the sixth form students whom I taught and tutored in the two years before I retired. They were a witty, interested and interesting … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Books, Canadian history, Nineteenth century society, Religion | Leave a comment

How far was the Church of England in decline after 1850?

The Victorian age was self-consciously religious. [1] Britain’s greatness, Victorians believed that its prosperity, political liberties and Empire was rooted in Christian and Protestant faith. Yet if religion flourished, it did not bring harmony and the transition to pluralism brought … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Why was the state of working-class religion a problem in the mid-nineteenth century?

In his report on the 1851 Religious Census, Horace Mann noted: …a sadly formidable proportion of the English people are habitual neglecters of the public ordinances of religion. [1] There is significant disagreement among historians about the role and importance … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Class, Nineteenth century society, Religion, Urbanisation, Working Class | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Roman Catholicism 1800-1850

The period between 1780 and 1850 has been characterised by John Bossy as representing the ‘birth of a denomination’ for Catholicism. [1]   As with Protestant Dissent, Catholicism went through a period of growth in membership, conflict between lay and clerical … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

How did Methodism develop under Jabez Bunting?

Between 1800 and 1830, Wesleyan Methodism faced threats from outside and from within as it sought to find ‘respectability’ and acceptance throughout British society. [1] Three problems dominated discussions: first, the problem of Methodist loyalty; secondly, how and where should … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Older Nonconformist sects

Presbyterianism had slowly moved away from the doctrine of the Trinity and by 1830, a majority of its members were Unitarian in creed. [1] Unitarianism had developed from  the ‘rational theology’ of  the  eighteenth century  but  its association with free … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Nonconformity 1800-1850: Introduction

The metamorphosis within the Established Church was bound to have significant effects on the Dissenting churches after 1830. [1] But Anglicanism was not the only form of organised religion undergoing fundamental changes in the first half of the nineteenth century.  … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Class, Nineteenth century society, Religion | Leave a comment

Evangelicalism within Anglicanism

The Evangelical Revival in the eighteenth century was partly a consequence of the increasing frustration felt by individuals like the Wesleys with the intense conservatism of Anglican high churchmen. [1] Not all of those who supported Wesleyan Methodism left the … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

How was the Church reformed from within?

The  High  Church ‘party’ had been in the  vanguard  of  the Church’s  reaction to change since the 1790s and may well  have inhibited  reformist  tendencies before  1830. They distrusted their more evangelical colleagues, whose pastoral concerns seemed to threaten the … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Nineteenth century society, Religion | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment