Tag Archives: gold

Three Rebellions…a second edition

There have been important change in the Rebellion Trilogy, a series of books that were written between 2004 and 2010 and published in 2010, 2011 and 2013.  The series will become a Quartet with the addition of a fourth volume … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Books, Canadian history, Chartism, Nineteenth century society | Tagged , , , , , , ,

Arresting the arsonists

The burning of the Eureka Hotel marked a precipitous deterioration in the relationship between the Ballarat diggers and the authorities and the unplanned riot showed diggers just how effective their numerical superiority could be. Rede ordered the arrest of the … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854 | Tagged , ,

The beginnings of rebellion

It is not fines, imprisonments, taxation and bayonets that is required to keep a people tranquil and content. It is attention to their wants and their just rights alone that will make the miners content. [1] Ballarat had not played … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854, Historiography | Tagged , , ,

A new governor with old problems

In May 1854, La Trobe left Victoria for England and his replacement, Sir Charles Hotham arrived in Melbourne on 21 June. [1] Born in 1806, Hotham had largely been at sea since the age of twelve. His defeat of Argentinean … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854 | Tagged , , ,

Tension in 1853

There had been some opposition in the Ballarat goldfield to the introduction of the license fees in September 1851 but this had passed without incident. In 1853, Dr Alfred Yates Carr, who had only recently arrived in the colony and … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854 | Tagged , , ,

Simmering tensions, 1851-1852

A tent city sprang into existence and the early diggers peacefully devised ways of organising the goldfields. [1] Nonetheless, the Victorian Government acted quickly sending Commissioners within weeks to collect the gold license fee. [2] The first Resident Gold Commissioner, … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854, Settlement | Tagged , , ,

Ballarat: positioning Eureka

Ballarat lies in an undulating area of the midland plains made up of alluvial sediment and volcanic flows and contains large areas of rich agricultural soil. [1] It was first settled in 1838 when William Cross Yuille and Henry Anderson … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854 | Tagged , ,

Protest in 1853: the beginnings

At the beginning of 1853, a series of unconnected incidents when the police acted corruptly or over-zealously contributed to mounting bitterness. A petition from Korong in January protested against police perjury and brutality and a month later, La Trobe brought … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854, Historiography | Tagged , , ,

Victoria copes with gold, 1851

Until 1846, La Trobe’s government of Port Phillip proved effective and was the result of his close working relationship with Sir George Gipps and the clear instructions he received. Fitzroy’s approach was different as he expected his subordinates to act … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Eureka Stockade 1854 | Tagged , , , ,

Australia and Irish settlement: Gold

Word that gold had been found in Australia in mid-1851 spread quickly as it had done in California three years earlier. The result was a massive movement of people from Britain, Europe, China and America but also within Australia and … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Introduction | Tagged , , ,

Immigrants and diggers

There was also significant movement of population within Australia itself. Of particular concern was the movement of people from VDL. Transportation to NSW and Victoria had ceased by the time gold was discovered in 1851. Nonetheless, VDL remained a penal … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Settlement | Tagged , , , , ,

Gold in Victoria: British immigrants

Migration was common among many Cornish people and, in the nineteenth century, an estimated third of Cornwall’s population emigrated. [1] They were often pulled to countries such as Australia by news of mining work or pushed from their homes by … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Settlement | Tagged , , , ,

Gold in Victoria: immigrants arrive

Word that gold had been found in NSW and Victoria spread quickly as it had done in California. [1] The result was a massive movement of people from Britain, Europe, China and America but also within Australia and Victoria’s ports … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Settlement | Tagged , , ,

Gold in Victoria

Victoria soon overtook NSW as a gold producer and between 1855 and 1865 annual production exceeded 2 million ounces and gold was being mined at Ballarat, Bendigo, Stawell, Castlemaine and Clunes. In 1856, the nation’s output peaked at some 3 … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Settlement | Tagged , , ,

Managing gold in New South Wales

Sir Charles Fitzroy and Deas Thomson were initially sceptical about Hargraves. In late May, Fitzroy wrote that he did not think it was: ‘advisable to increase the very great excitement which is engrossing and unhinging the minds of all classes … Continue reading

Rate this:

Posted in Australia, Settlement | Tagged , , ,